Image by Darien, blogger of Pico Prince http://picoprince.com/
Image by Darien, blogger of Pico Prince http://picoprince.com/
Turning 21 years old this year. Goal to have a clearer, brighter, more radiant skin! Previous post has a list of brightening ingredients (read risks of each!) will try find products with those ingredients listed as the first few.
Brightening ingredient checklist:
Saccharomyces Ferment, Propanediol, Niacinamide, 1,2-Hexandiol, Betaine, Arctium Lappa Root Extract, Centella Asiatica Extract, Phellinus Linteus Extract, Portulaca Oleracea Extract, Piper Methysticum Leaf/Root/Stem Extract, Pueraria Thunbergiana Root Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Paeonia Lactiflora Root Extract, Cnidium Officinale Root Extract, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Phellodendron Amurense Bark Extract, Lavandula Angusifola (Lavender) Extract, Althaea Officinalis Leaf/Root Extract, Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Flower/Leaf Extract, Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Extract, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract, Hibiscus Esculentus Fruit Extract, Houttuynia Cordata Extract, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Foeniculum Vulgare (Fennel) Fruit Extract, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Water, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Soluble Collagen, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Sodium Hyaluronate, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Peel Oil, Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil, Rose Flower Oil, Illicium Verum (Anise) Fruit/Seed Oil, Water, Xanthan Gum, Phenoxyethanol.
a. IT’S SKIN POWER 10 FORMULA LI
Ingredients: Water, Glycyrrhiza, Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Butylene Glycol, Glycerin,Polyglutamic, Acid, Carbomer, Triethanolamine, Methylparaben, Chlorphenesin, Disodium EDTA.
Ingredients: Water, Ascorbic Acid, Ethanol, Sodium Lactate, Butylene Glycol, Glucose, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Rosa Davurica Bud Extract, Carthamus Tinctorius Flower Extract, PEG-60 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Sodium Hyaluronate, Bis-PEG-18, Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane, Diethoxyethyl Succinate, Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer, Xanthan, PEG-180, Gluconolactone, Beta-Glucan, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Oil, Zinc PCA, Panthenol, Niacinamide, Glycerin, Tocopherol Acetate, Lecithin, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Ubiquinone, Diisopropyl Adipate, Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben
Ingredients: Galactomyces ferment filtrate, niacinamide, sodium hyaluronate, betaine, panthenol, glycerin, 1,2-hexanediol, allantoin, butylene glycol, xanthan gum, ethyl hexanediol, adenosine
“95% fermenty goodness means that the rest of the ingredients only comprise 5% of the formulation. Still, the small amounts of niacinamideand adenosine may contribute brightening and anti-aging effects, while the sodium hyaluronate and glycerin provide hydration.”
Snail Secretion Filtrate, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Glycerin, Arbutin, Human Ogliopeptide-1, Bee Venom, Plantago Asiatica Extract, Laminana Digita Extract, Dios Pyros Kaki Leaf Extract, Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract, Ulmus Campestris (Elm) Extract, Bacilus Ferment, Azelaic Acid, Althaea Rosea Flower Extract, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract, Butylene Glycol, Beta-Glucan, Betaine, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Cross Polymer, Adenosine, Panthenol, Allantoin, Zanthoxylum Piperitum Fruit Extract, Usnea Barbata (Lichen) Extract, Pulsatilla Koreana Extract, Arginine
Ingredient description/review: http://skinandtonics.com/
“lightening my post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and brighten my overall skin tone. It also has some lovely tightening properties that have been nice for the few fine lines I have. I really appreciate the fact that this product tightens without making my face dry.
Even though I have been using the Snail Bee High Content Essence in conjunction with other products, I highly suspect that this product is doing a lot of the heavy lifting, due to the high concentration of actives in the formula.” -skinandtonics
Naruko Rose & Botanic HA Aqua Cubic
Occlusive for oily skin (gel type, cream are too heavy=skin cannot breathe)
Occlusive to ‘lock in’ or ‘seal in’ moisture. Humectants (glycerin, Hycluronic Acid, etc) draws moisture out from your skin when air is dry, making your skin dry. Occlusive will prevent it from doing this.
Affordable! (below php 500)
Common cons: clogged pores. too sticky, barely doing anything (light version), breakout!
Few drops goes a long way!
Ingredients: Sodium Hyaluronate, Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid, Butylene Glycol
Water, Dipropylene Glycol, Glycerin, Arbutin, PPG-10 Methyl Glucose Ether, Disodium Succinate, Methylparaben, Styrene/ VP Copolymer, Tremella Fuciformis Polysaccharide, Sodium Hyaluronate, Succinic Acid, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate
After cleansing with HADA LABO Goku-jyun Face Wash, pour a pea-size amount into your palm and rub between hands to warm. Gently pat onto face until it is thoroughly absorbed. Follow with HADA LABO Shiro-jyun Milk for additional hydration. Use twice daily after washing face.
“As for the whitening toner, I think it is quite ineffective in terms of moisturizing or brightening. If you look carefully, it also contains some irritating or acne-causing chemicals that are harmful for your skin especially for those with sensitive skin. A friend of mine develops strong sensitive reaction towards this toner.”
Ingredients: water, portulaca oleracea extract, glycerin, niacinamide, glycolic acid, butylene glycol, centella asiatica extract, paeoina suffruticosa root extract, scuttelaria baicalensis extract, potassium hydroxide, algin, allantoin, dipotassium glycyrrhizate, panthenol, salicylic acid, xanthan gum, 1,2-hexanediol
Ingredients: Purified Water, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Niacinamide, DL-Panthenol, Sodium Hyaluronate, Hydrolyzed Oats, Nannochloropsis Oculata, Pullulan, Glycerin, Citric Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Sorbic Acid. pH of 5.5.
Hada labo Shirojyun (but arbutin was listed 5th)
NARUKO Niaouli & Tea Tree Sebum Control Night Gelly (2nd ingredient)
DABO First Solution Hyaluronic Mask Pack(3rd ingredient, pretty much all their masks pack have it as 3rd ingredient)
Missha Misa Cho Bo Yang Moisturizing Essence Water(4th ingredient)
Kikumasamune Sake Skin Lotion High Moisture(getting really good reviews here recently)
ARBUTIN READ: http://www.byrdie.com/arbutin-serum/slide2
HADA LABO INGREDIENTS READ: http://lavendergarden90.blogspot.com/2016/06/pure-x-simple-overview-and-ingredients.html#more
Skin Care Products:
What is HQ and how does it work?
HQis a phenolic compound. This structure allows it to inhibit melanin synthesis by acting as a substrate for tyrosinase. Tyrosine, an amino acid, is acted upon by the enzyme tyrosine to form melanin. These phenolic compounds “interrupts” this reaction by giving the tyrosine something else to attach to. That way the tyrosine never makes melanin particles.
Nothing works better than HQ – it’s considered the gold standard for skin lightening. Here’s a quote from Dr. Rendon, associate clinical professor, University of Miami who says “other products haven’t proven that they really are as good as they say they are. In the few studies that actually compare them to hydroquinone, they never beat it.” Now, that doesn’t mean it works instantly – it can take several months of usage to reach maximum lightening efficacy.
A prescription strength retinoid (0.5% tretinoin) steroid (0.01% fluocinolone acetonide) and Hydroquinone
A skin-lightening ingredient that works by inhibiting the activity of tyrosinase, by acting as a melanocyte cytotoxic inhibitor, and by increasing the cytotoxicity of melanocytes.
<p><b>Hydroquinone</b>, also <b>benzene-1,4-diol</b> or <b>quinol</b>, is an <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Aromatic” title=”Aromatic” class=”mw-redirect”>aromatic</a> <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Organic_compound” title=”Organic compound”>organic compound</a> that is a type of <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Phenols” title=”Phenols”>phenol</a>, a derivative of <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Benzene” title=”Benzene”>benzene</a>, having the <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Chemical_formula” title=”Chemical formula”>chemical formula</a> C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>4</sub>(OH)<sub>2</sub>. Its <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Chemical_structure” title=”Chemical structure”>chemical structure</a>, shown in the table at right, features two <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Hydroxyl_group” title=”Hydroxyl group” class=”mw-redirect”>hydroxyl groups</a> <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Covalent_bond” title=”Covalent bond”>bonded</a> to a <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Benzene_ring” title=”Benzene ring” class=”mw-redirect”>benzene ring</a> in a <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Arene_substitution_patterns#Ortho.2C_meta.2C_and_para_substitution” title=”Arene substitution patterns” class=”mw-redirect”><i>para</i></a> position. It is a white granular <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Solid” title=”Solid”>solid</a>. Substituted derivatives of this parent compound are also referred to as hydroquinones. The name “hydroquinone” was coined by <a href=”http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Friedrich_W%C3%B6hler” title=”Friedrich Wöhler”>Friedrich Wöhler</a> in 1843.</p>
<!– mw container end –>”>hydroquinone (4%) has been shown to be effective in treating melasma and general darkening of the skin over the course of eight weeks. According to Dr. Audrey Kunin, M.D., a Kansas-City based dermatologist, should not be used for longer than eight weeks, as the steroid component may cause the skin to become thinner ( (and hence more photosensitive and prone to sun-induced signs of aging, etc.).
What hydroquinone is used for: Since 1982, hydroquinone has been FDA-approved for the treatment of freckles, melasma, and general brown patching. Today, hydroquinone is the most commonly used bleaching agent in the United States.
How hydroquinone works: Hydroquinone works in two distinct ways: 1.) inhibiting tyrosinase, the rate-limiting enzyme of melanin (i.e., pigment) production, and 2.) increasing the cytotoxicity of melanocytes, the melanin producing-cells.
Risks: Unfortunately, hydroquinone has been banned in some countries, including France and South Africa, for concerns about increased cancer risk and ochronosis (darkening of the skin) with its use. Yet I have yet to encounter an American dermatologist who believes hydroquinone in skin care products increases cancer risk. Dr. Susan C. Taylor, M.D., a Philadelphia-based dermatologist, states, ”The maximum levels of hydroquinone currently allowed (2 percent for over the counter, 4 percent for prescription) aren’t dangerous. At worst, it might cause redness or irritation, but only if your skin is sensitive or allergic to the medication.” (Elle, October 2007). Dr. Jacob Levitt, M.D. also reviewed the existing studies on hydroquinone and concluded “topical applications of hydroquinone in standard product concentrations are not carcinogenic to humans” (Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2006), and Dr. David J. Goldberg, a clinical professor of dermatology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, agrees, “Over 100 scientific articles confirm it is a safe topical for humans; no independent studies prove the opposite.” (Elle, October 2007).
As for ochronosis, a paradoxical darkening of the skin that is caused by a build-up of phenylalanine or tyrosine, that may be a small, though legitimate, concern for those with darker skin tones (American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, 2001). Dr. Jacob Levitt reviewed 10,000 cases of hydroquinone use over the course of 50 years, and found just 22 cases of ochronosis amongst them, yet all involved patients of color (Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2006). The reasons for ochronosis occurrence in patients with darker skin are not clear. However, increased risk of ochronosis have been linked to using hydroquinone with resorcinol (an agent often used to treat postinflammatory inflammation) and to excess sun exposure while using hydroquinone. As such, always use hydroquinone without resorcinol and with a sunscreen.
Also suppress tyrosinase (melanin production catalyst) production. The substance has anti-inflammatory components hence can lessen sunburn effects
It’s a dicarboxylic acid which occurs natural in wheat, rye, and barley. inhibits DNA synthesis in melanocytes and has a modest antityrosinase effect. According to some sources, it works better than 2% hydroquinone and about as good as 4%. The interesting thing is that its apparently safe to use during pregnancy. Side effects of itching, mild redness, scaling, and burning but overall this is a good contender. It’s also prescription.
Kojic acid This is a fungal metabolite and also a famous cop show from the 70s. It works by inhibiting the production of free tyrosinase. Could not find any data directly comparing it to other agents but one source considers it to be be the most effective skin-lightening agent behind hydroquinone. We do know that it can cause greater irritation, it is highly sensitizing and may be mutagenic. For this reason, it is banned in Japan, just like over-the-counter (OTC) hydroquinone.
What azelaic acid is used for: Same as hydroquinone – freckles, melasma, and general brown patching. Sometimes azelaic acid is used in place of kojic acid in hydroquinone four-week alternating periods. Azelaic acid works as an acne treatment, and, to a lesser extent, a rosacea treatment.
How azelaic acid works: Take a guess – yep, you got it, azelaic acid also inhibits tyrosinase. According to a double-blind study in the International Journal of Dermatology, over the course of six months, a 20% azelaic acid cream yielded good or excellent results in 65% of patients.
In fact, according to the same study, 20% azelaic acid had “no significant treatment differences” observed when compared to 4% hydroquinone (the prescription level) with regard to overall rating, reduction in lesion size, and pigmentary intensity.
Risks: Side effects, such as allergic sensitization or exogenous ochronosis (associated with hydroquinone) were not observed with 20% azelaic acid
Arbutin is chemically related to hydroquinone and was originally obtained from the bearberry plant. Like HA it decreases melanin biosynthesis through the inhibition of tyrosinase activity. It also inhibits melanosome maturation and is less cytotoxic to melanocytes than hydroquinone. However, several studies have shown that arbutin is less effective than kojic acid for hyperpigmentation. Deoxyarbutin is a synthesized topical derivative. Studies have shown that it has an enhanced sustained improvement, general skin lightening and a safety profile comparable to hydroquinone.
has a similar chemical composition to hydroquinone, but without the potentially irritating side effects.
A study compared 5% ascorbic acid and 4% hydroquinone in 16 female patients with melasma and found 62.5% and 93% improvement respectively
Holds the number 10 spot among the best whitening ingredients. Vitamin C is a recognized anti-oxidant that decreases skin-aging process. Vitamin C can cut down melanin production in the skin a minimum of 10%. Additionally, Vitamin C contains magnesium phosphate, which is common in most whitening products. Moreover, vitamin C has the power to defend skin from the UV lights.
Vitamin C inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase, which helps produce melanin. By inhibiting tyrosinase, Vitamin C basically helps prevent melanin production so that the dark spots and hyperpigmentation stop dead in their tracks. Vitamin C as been found to lighten the areas affected by hyperpigmentation but leave unaffected areas alone so it knows to focus on those troubled spots.
Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, is probably one of the best known skin brighteners. It’s a potent antioxidant that’s amazing for dull, congested complexions as it increases cell turnover to boost brightness and overall radiance, and has a lightening effect on all kinds of pigmentation.
What vitamin C is used for: Sunspots, skin dullness, UV-induced erythema and sunburn, increase skin firmness (mild effect), decrease wrinkle depth (mild effect).
How vitamin C works: Vitamin C inhibits tyrosinase, an enzyme in melanin production (Cosmetic Dermatology, Burgess, 2008).
Risks: Risks associated with topical vitamin C use are rare and few side effects have been reported. Probably the biggest risk is not storing vitamin C properly. While most of the ingredients listed on this page are sensitive to light and heat, vitamin C in particular becomes far less ineffective when exposed to air, light, and heat. Another risk of using vitamin C is not selecting the right form of vitamin C. Different forms include L-ascorbic acid, ascorbyl glucoside, magnesium ascorbyl palmitate, and ascorbyl glucosamine. My favorites are L-ascorbic acid (high concentrations are available) and ascorbyl glucoside (found to be absorbed well into the skin).
I choose azelaic acid over ascorbyl glucosamine for hyperpigmentation, as 20% azelaic acid has been shown to be more effective than 5% ascorbyl glucosamine in treating solar lengitines (Dermatology, 2002). For more on the different forms of vitamin C, please see my Spotlight On: Vitamin C post.
It works by interfering with the interaction between keratinocytes and melanocytes, thereby inhibiting melanogenesis. We’ve talked about this in our anti-aging show and it does work but not much data comparing it to other options.
Vitamin B3 comes to number 9. It generally called niacin amide due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities. It restrains melanin production. It gives you utterly lighter skin.
A vitamin B derivative, niacinamide has been known to have positive effects on lightening hyperpigmentation marks on skin by suppressing the transfer of melanin to the outer layer of the skin. It’s different in that while some ingredients inhibit the production of melanin, niacinamide prevents melanintransfer so that color-inducing pigment can’t get to the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin.
“No, it works deeper in the skin. It takes a while of using it every day to see results. Like months. I’m not sure of the exact mechanism, but it somehow interferes with the skin creating pigmentation. So as your skin creates new layers, that’s where you see the results.”
Licorice extract improves hyperpigmentation by dispersing the melanin, inhibition of melanin biosynthesis and inhibition of cyclooxygenase activity thereby decreasing free radical production. Glabridin, a polyphenolic flavonoid is the main component of licorice extract. Studies have shown that glabridin prevents Ultraviolet B (UVB) induced pigmentation and exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting superoxide anion and cyclooxygenase activity. However, more studies are needed to prove its de-pigmenting action.
Licorice can help reduce the appearance of dark spots and hyperpigmentation because it contains something called “glabridin” which inhibits the enzyme that causes skin to darken. Glabridin helps decrease the production of melanin and will help even out those dark spots.
Works three ways: dispersion of keratinocyte pigment granules, interference with pigment transfer, and acceleration of epidermal turnover Something like 68% improvement (although you can’t really compare numbers across studies.) Side effects: erythema, peeling, and possible post inflammatory hyper pigmentation. Can help with Melasma which is in the dermis. Works very slowly. Takes 24 weeks or more at 0.1% Need a prescription. One paper we found listed something links an additional 16 other ingredients that have some data but not enough to fully validate them.
Vitamin A is in the eighth spot. Oftentimes it called as retinol. It boosts skin reproduction process and improves vision too. It can give healthy and restored skin along with whiter skin.
A form of vitamin A, retinols work at the cellular level to increase cell turnover, stimulate collagen and elastin production, and fade hyperpigmentation. As already written about, retinols can be very strong so use with caution and under the supervision of your doctor so that you can ease these products into your skin care routine.
These ingredients target discoloration while treating the whole complexion for dullness and uneven skin tone.
We just became aware of another ingredient Undecylenoyl phenylalanine. We don’t know much about this yet but here’s a quote from the Cosmetic Cop that provides a couple of helpful references:
“Although this ingredient’s research pales in comparison to what’s known about hydroquinone and many forms of vitamin C, it is a promising ingredient that is worth considering in products meant to lighten brown spots and help even out skin tone (Sources: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, September 2011, pages 189–196 and December 2009, pages 260–266; and Clinical Experiments in Dermatology, July 2010, pages 476–476).”
It’s been shown that the derivatives of the mulberry plant’s root bark inhibit tyrosinase similar to Vitamin C. As mentioned above, tyrosinase helps produce the pigment-causing melanin so inhibiting tyrosinase means inhibiting those annoying dark colored spots.
When melanin build up has occurred one way to tackle it is to increase exfoliation so that you can continuously reveal new, fresh skin. Fruit extracts help with very gently exfoliation. Fruit extracts help soften and exfoliate skin which in turns helps to fade dark spots and remove dead skin cells.
What glycolic acid is used for: mottled pigmentation, skin dullness, fine lines, surface roughness, freckles, lentigines, and to treat actinic and seborrehic keratosis
How glycolic acid works: As the most commonly used alpha hydroxy acid, glycolic acid advance desquamation and exfoliation of the top layer of the skin. As a result, glycolic acid quickens the rate of cell turnover, decreases small wrinkles and increase fibroblast proliferation of collagen. It does not specifically inhibit melanin production, like hydroquinone or kojic acid.
Risks: A lot of people experience irritation after at-home glycolic acid peels, for two main reasons. First,glycolic acid sensitizes the skin, such that the skin is more likely to be irritated by other ingredients used in conjunction with glycolic acid (Skin Therapy Letter, 1998). Second, glycolic acid has been associated with skin burns and ulcerations, so it is important to speak with a dermatologist first to see which strength is appropriate for you (International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2007).
I’m so glad I discovered korean skin care routine!
Why? Bec their products actually contain ingredients that will benefit skin! Not just some ‘instant’ benefits, but continuous use could actually make a difference on the skin!
I forgot how I discovered K-skin care routine, but I’m so glad I did! Definitely be sticking to it 😀
Very informative blogs about k-skin care products:
Controlling excess sebum production? Maintaining skin moisture? Maintaining skin elasticity? Or aiming for a brighter, glowing skin?
These ingredients can help with your specific skin concerns.
Correctly formulated AHAs, niacinamide, LAA, the sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SAP) form of vitamin C, the magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP) form of vitamin C, licorice root extract, arbutin, and hydroquinone (which you should never use except under a doctor’s supervision)
Don’t buy an L-ascorbic acid (LAA), AHA, or BHA product unless the label lists the exact percentage of the active ingredient. LAA should be between 10 and 20% to work (higher is okay but may be irritating); AHAs should be between 5 and 8%, and salicylic acid, the most common BHA by far, should be at 2%. AHAs are humectant and BHAs are anti-inflammatory, so they’ll continue to have those effects at suboptimal percentages, but they won’t exfoliate as expected.
Keep an eye out for buzzword ingredients! Some common buzzword ingredients!
Hyped Products, but nope. Must read!
The following information are from:
Since my budget just comes from my allowance, and it’s not that big, it’s just enough (which is okay for me, honestly). I need to narrow down the oils that I’ll buy. I’ll probably try the other oils once I’ve saved up enough again.
I’m planning to buy oils to speed up the growth of my hair (my hair grows 1 inch a month), better scalp condition, and to make my hair stronger (bec. I have dry hair, without extra effort to moisturize my hair, it is prone to breakage = split ends = cut hair = shorter lengths)
My target for my hair is to have a good scalp condition, to grow healthy hair, and to make my hair stronger or to protect my hair so it will not break off easily.
*Essential Oil Use: 4-5 drops*
The following information are directly copied from http://www.hairbuddha.net/
a. Lavender Oil
b. Rosemary Oil
a. Lavender Oil
b. Rosemary Oil
I think I’ll buy Rosemary Oil first, 2. Lavender, then 3. Peppermint, 4. Tea tree
Oils to buy for my first batch:
The following information are directly copied from http://blackhair101.com/
Essential oils can be applied to the skin using a variety of techniques. It is important to note that most essential oils can not be applied directly to the skin without being diluted.
As a rule of thumb, essential oils should be diluted in a carrier substance (vegetable or nut oil, or water) at no greater concentration than 3-5%.
That means if you have one teaspoon (5cc) of carrier, you would add 3 drops of pure essential oil. This would make a 3% solution that could be used on a portion of the body.
For massage or for application over large areas of the body, a 1% solution (meaning, one drop of essential oil in one teaspoon of carrier) is generally a safe concentration. For infants, using a 0.25% solution is recommended (.5% for toddlers).
Note: If you use water as a carrier, be sure to shake or mix your solution well before application.
For more: http://theindianspot.com/
“Free radicals damage molecules and the cells they belong to, causing not only aging and wrinkles, but also cancer, heart disease, stroke and other chronic diseases.
Directly copied from http://www.healthline.com/
Free radicals in the body are oxygen molecules that lose an electron, which makes them unstable. These unstable molecules interact with cells in the body in a way that can cause damage. As the process snowballs, cells can be damaged and you are made vulnerable to disease.
Free radicals can be created by our bodies as we age, or by everyday factors like digestion or exercise. They’re also caused by exposure to external things like:
Antioxidants neutralize free radicals by donating the missing electrons that destabilize them. Antioxidants are found in many foods and are also made in our bodies using the vitamins and minerals found in foods.
Vitamin E Oil is also found naturally in many foods, including:
The following are directly copied from http://www.just-health.net/
Vitamin E has numerous benefits to our bodies. While its main job is to support your cell membranes, it also helps increase your blood flow, strengthens your heart, muscles, nerves and of course, your skin. So where can we get our source of Vitamin E? It’s mostly found in leafy vegetables like spinach and fruits like raspberries and mangoes.
With anti-aging and antioxidant properties, vitamin E oil can help cure any damage created by over-exposure in the sun and UV rays which cause wrinkles and aging spots. Vitamin E also helps increase collagen production in your skin. This helps keep your skin elastic and prevents wrinkles from forming. Not only is vitamin E a great way to prevent wrinkles from forming, but it also contains properties that help fade away an existing ones.
The following are directly copied from http://www.stylecraze.com/
Vitamin E boosts the production of collagen, a fiber-like protein that is responsible for maintaining skin elasticity.
Vitamin E also helps cleanse dirt, grime, and other impurities while simultaneously maintaining your skin’s oil balance.
Vitamin E is a heavy emollient, which makes it easy to remove impurities from the surface of your skin as well as maintain its oil balance.
The following are directly copied from http://oilhealthbenefits.com/
A form of Vitamin E, gamma tocotrienol, has the ability to reverse damage dun by UVB radiation to some extent. Our skin ages prematurely because of damage done to it by harmful solar radiation, and the free radicals in our environment. Vitamin E reduces the damage to skin framework because of both these factors.
The following are directly copied from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/l
Celebrity facialist Joanna Vargas said, “It’s an awesome antioxidant, but it’s heavy, so if you are prone to break outs, it could make you break out more. Vitamin E has always been used in skincare, but I think the purity of it has changed.”
The following are directly copied from http://www.webmd.com/
Vitamin E is LIKELY SAFE for most healthy people when taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Most people do not experience any side effects when taking the recommended daily dose, which is 15 mg.
Vitamin E is POSSIBLY UNSAFE if taken by mouth in high doses. If you have a condition such as heart disease or diabetes, do not take doses of 400 IU/day or more. Some research suggests that high doses might increase the chance of death and possibly cause other serious side effects. The higher the dose, the greater the risk of serious side effects.
There is some concern that vitamin E might increase the chance of having a serious stroke called hemorrhagic stroke, which is bleeding into the brain. Some research shows that taking vitamin E in doses of 300-800 IU each day might increase the chance of this kind of stroke by 22%. However, in contrast, vitamin E might decrease the chance of having a less severe stroke called an ischemic stroke.
There is contradictory information about the effect of vitamin E on the chance of developing prostate cancer. Some research suggests that taking large amounts of a multivitamin plus a separate vitamin E supplement might actually increase the chance of developing prostate cancer in some men.
High doses can also cause nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, fatigue, weakness, headache, blurred vision, rash, and bruising and bleeding.
The following are directly copied from http://www.annmariegianni.com/
The tocopheryl part is vitamin E, but the acetate comes about when the vitamin E is mixed with acetic acid.
This ingredient is basically a form of vitamin E created in the laboratory. Manufacturers take natural vitamin E and add acetic acid to it.
Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar. The word “acid” means just what you’d think—it’s corrosive, and attacks the skin.
Two words: cheaper, and longer lasting. Adding the acid to vitamin E makes it last longer on the shelves. That makes it easier for manufacturers to process, ship, store, and sell their products.
How to use: